Keyword: Biological sciences

Briefs: Materials
Newly developed computational approaches aid in the design of composites that exhibit remarkable abilities to both sense external cues and adapt to these cues in controllable, "programmable" ways.
Briefs: Aerospace
Understanding the mechanics of insect flight could help improve the agility, autonomy, robustness and integrated sensing and processing of unmanned aerial vehicles.
Articles: Electronics & Computers
For many manufacturers, plasma-applied coatings and surface treatments can play a significant role in new product development.
Application Briefs: Materials
nScrypt Inc.
Orlando, FL
407-275-4755
www.nscrypt.com

nScrypt has partnered with the U.S. Military, the Uniformed Services University 4D Bio3 Program, and The Geneva Foundation to move bioprinting out...

Briefs: Test & Measurement

This project seeks to reproduce the neural circuits used by the nematode Caenorhabditis elegans for locomotion. Caenorhabditis elegans is a small (~1.2 millimeter) nematode found in rotting...

Application Briefs: Photonics/Optics
FLIR Systems, Inc.
Wilsonville, OR
1-800-254-0630
www.flir.com/IBAC2

FLIR Systems, Inc. announced recently that it has received a delivery order for FLIR IBAC™ 2 biological agent detector...

Briefs: Materials

In January 2015, the Center for Bio/Molecular Science and Engineering at the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) began an effort to evaluate and develop top-coat...

Briefs: Materials

Multifunctional composites have been investigated for destruction of bio-agents. These materials’ unique properties at the nano scale, including...

Briefs: Defense
Selective, Sensitive, and Robust Electrochemical Detection of Anthrax

There exists an unmet need for rapid, sensitive, and field-stable assays for pathogen detection. Bacillus anthracis is the causative agent of anthrax poisoning. This Gram-positive bacterium secretes a tripartite toxin including a cell-binding protective antigen (PA), and the...

Briefs: Test & Measurement

Suspicious powder incidents continue to be a disruptive and costly problem. In-situ assessment of suspicious powders within inorganic matrices, particularly with powders of...

Briefs: Materials
Fabricating Porous Systems for Super-Dense Memories and Sensors

This project was dedicated to solving basic scientific issues and developing the scientific basis that underlies the improvement of super-dense memories, towards the terabit-per-square-inch goal and the engineering of chemical and biological sensors. Both applications rely on porous...

Briefs: Physical Sciences
Component Identification in Multi-Chemical Mixtures with Swept-Wavelength Resonant-Raman Spectroscopy

The utilization of ultraviolet resonance Raman spectroscopy for the detection and identification of chemical, biological, and nuclear hazards is of great interest due to the sensitivity and specificity afforded by this technique. Detection by...

Briefs: Software
Software System for Microbial Genome Sequence Annotation

The annotation of genomes from next-generation sequencing platforms needs to be rapid, high-throughput, and fully integrated and automated. Although a few Web-based annotation services have recently become available, they may not be the best solution for researchers that need to annotate a...

Briefs: Materials
Functionalized Silk Materials

T he goal of this work was to exploit the novel structural, physical, and biological features of silk proteins towards functionalization of materials systems generated from this family of protein. A new generation of functional silk systems is sought to provide novel materials with precise control of material...

Briefs: Physical Sciences
Development of an Electrochemical Biosensor for Organophosphate Chemicals

Detection of organophosphate (OP) compounds has attracted much attention in terms of safeguarding human health, owing to their frequent use as pesticides in agriculture and their potential use as chemical warfare agents. Among a variety of biological methods based on the...

Briefs: Medical
Genetic Studies of Responses of Bones to Mechanical Stresses

Progress has been reported in a continuing program of molecular genetic studies of the responses of bones to mechanical stresses. Prior studies in mice and humans had provided evidence that mechanical loading stimulates bone formation and that immobilization or loss of mechanical...

Briefs: Physical Sciences

Progress has been made toward meeting several technical challenges in a continuing effort to develop “smart dust” sensors for remote detection of chemical and biological agents....

Briefs: Information Technology
Enlightened Multiscale Simulation of Biochemical Networks

A continuing research project is dedicated to development of mathematical and software infrastructure in support of post genomics research in systems biology. One near-term objective of the project is to contribute to deeper understanding of the organizational principles of biological...

Briefs: Physical Sciences
Biologically Inspired Processing of Image and Sound Data

A report describes progress in a research program oriented toward developing artificial-intelligence capabilities for processing images and sounds in changing environments. This research focuses on extending the state of the art in mid-level processing of visual and auditory signals,...

Briefs: Physical Sciences

Several novel methods of detecting landmines and other buried explosive devices have been proposed and are subjects of continuing research. The use of trained dogs has been shown to be an...

Briefs: Medical

Arrays of electrochemical sensors that include specially coated (as described below) gold electrodes on flexible polyimide sheets have been fabricated and tested in a continuing...

Briefs: Physical Sciences
Progress in Research on Bacteria-Powered Motors

Progress has been made on several fronts in research on biomotors and especially on microscopic motors powered by bacteria. The progress consists mostly of advances in the art of attaching motile bacterial cells to surfaces in specific, pre-designed microarrays.

Briefs: Electronics & Computers
Nanowire-Based Chemical and Biological Sensor Arrays

Acontinuing effort that supplements and complements the one summarized in the immediately preceding article is dedicated to the development of nanowire-based sensor arrays, with emphasis on maximizing the utility of such arrays for real-time sensing of molecular species associated with...

Briefs: Medical

Molecular aptamer beacons (MABs) are being investigated for use as rapid-signaling probe compounds for detecting specific proteins of interest (target proteins). In the MAB approach, one...

Briefs: Mechanical & Fluid Systems

AFRL demonstrated its Remotely Controlled Aerial Vehicle for Application of Pesticides (RCAVAP) at the Force Protection Equipment Demonstration (FPED) conducted at Quantico...