Test & Measurement

New Products: April 2018 Aerospace & Defense Technology

RF Cable

PIC Wire & Cable® (Sussex, WI), a Division of The Angelus Corporation, recently announced the launch of its new RFMATES ® ULTRALITE UH25107 cable. UH25107 is a 50 ohm RF aerospace cable that is highly shielded, light and flexible. The cable's sophisticated design yields low loss characteristics that make it a robust solution for systems requiring a low dB loss budget for antenna runs, like SATCOM and Iridium systems.

Posted in: Products, Aerospace, Communications, Defense, Board-Level Electronics, Electronics, Electronics & Computers, PCs/Portable Computers, Power Management, Power Supplies, Motion Control, RF & Microwave Electronics, Sensors, Test & Measurement

Engine Air-Brakes

Airplanes, one of humanity's greatest inventions, evoke feelings of awe and amazement for most people, unless you live uncomfortably close to a major airport, in which case the feeling may become annoyance and irritation. Constant aircraft noise causes sleepless nights, stress and other health issues, reducing quality of life.

Posted in: Articles, Aerospace, Aviation, Motion Control, Propulsion, Computer-Aided Design (CAD), Software, Test & Measurement

Phonon Confinement Effect in TiO2 Nanoparticles as Thermosensor Materials

TiO2 or ZnO nanoparticles (NPs) have a very strong finite-size dependency in their Raman spectra or photoluminescence (PL) spectra due to the phonon confinement effect or the quantum confinement effect. Together with a fast grain growth kinetics and a high stability under high temperature and pressure, they can forensically retain the complete thermal history of an event. By spatially distributing these NPs during thermal events such as blasts or weapon tests, a spatially and temporally non-uniform thermal environment can be determined by a direct read off their Raman or PL spectra at various locations.

Posted in: Briefs, Aerospace, Defense, Thermal Management, Materials, Nanotechnology, Photonics, Force Sensors and Resistors, Sensors, Test & Measurement

pH-Dependent Spin State Population and 19F NMR Chemical Shift Via Remote Ligand Protonation in An Iron(II) Complex

The development of transition metal-based molecules and materials that can be switched between low-spin and high-spin electronic states has constituted a highly active area of research over the past several decades. Indeed, the magnetic bistability of such spin-crossover compounds make them potential candidates for molecular switches and chemical sensors, as the spin transition can be controlled by a number of external stimuli, such as temperature, pressure, and light.

Posted in: Briefs, Aerospace, Defense, Electronic Components, Electronics, Electronics & Computers, Materials, Metals, Data Acquisition, Sensors, Measuring Instruments, Test & Measurement

CompactPCI Serial Space

There are a few open specifications in the embedded industry that have been used in the extreme environments of space over the years. These include VME, CompactPCI, OpenVPX, and MicroTCA. But, prime contractors such as Airbus and others desired a high performance and versatile architecture that was relatively simple and cost-effective. The CompactPCI Serial Space specification was ratified in 2017 to address these requirements, resulting in a compelling architecture for defense and space-based projects.

Posted in: Articles, Aerospace, Communications, Defense, Board-Level Electronics, Electronic Components, Electronics, Electronics & Computers, Measuring Instruments, Test & Measurement, Architecture, Embedded software, Satellites, Spacecraft

New Products & Services: December 2017 Aerospace Manufacturing & Fabrication

Metric-Sized Metal Shapes

Parker Steel Company (Maumee, OH) offers metric-sized metals suitable for applications where presized metric parts are needed. Parker Steel’s cold-finished carbon steel, alloyed and high-strength stainless steel, aluminum, copper, brass and tool steel bars/shafting, tubing, sheets and plates, angles, channels and tees; and other specialty shapes can be shipped out the same day as ordered with very few exceptions.

Posted in: Articles, Aerospace, Manufacturing & Prototyping, Coatings & Adhesives, Materials, Metals, Data Acquisition, Detectors, Sensors, Computer-Aided Design (CAD), Simulation Software, Software, Measuring Instruments, Monitoring, Test & Measurement, Product development, Fabrication, Steel

Testing Large–Scale Vehicle–Borne Improvised Explosive Devices

In July of 2016, a refrigerator truck packed with explosives detonated next to a crowded apartment block in Baghdad’s Karrada neighborhood. The blast killed 323 people and was one of the worst Vehicle–Borne Improvised Explosive Device (VBIED also known as car bombs) attacks ever recorded. On May 30, 2017, a VBIED in a tanker truck ripped through the embassy quarter of Kabul, killing more than 150 people. Several embassies, including those of Germany and France, sustained damage despite the presence of blast protection structures.

Posted in: News, Defense, Test & Measurement

Putting Smart Weapons to The Test

In the old days, a slingshot, BB gun, rifle or cannon was only as smart as the marksman taking aim. Now, many weapons are guided to their targets with the precision of infrared sensors and lasers. The technology continues to advance, but testing technology has lagged behind, leaving new generations of weapons and their tactical advantages unavailable to today's troops.

Posted in: News, Defense, Detectors, Sensors, Test & Measurement

The Impact of Video Compression on Remote Cardiac Pulse Measurement Using Imaging Photoplethysmography

Remote measurement of physiological signals has a number of advantages over traditional contact methods. It allows the measurement of vital signals unobtrusively and concomitantly. In recent years, a number of approaches for imaging-based measurement of physiology using digital cameras have been proposed. Imaging photoplethysmography (iPPG) captures variations in light reflected from the body due to blood volume changes in microvascular tissue. It has been demonstrated that sub-pixel variations in color channel measurements from a digital single lens reflex (DSLR) camera, when aggregated, could be used to recover the blood volume pulse. Subsequently, it was shown that iPPG methods can allow accurate measurement of heart rate, heart rate variability, breathing rate, blood oxygenation and pulse transit time.

Posted in: Briefs, Aerospace, Test & Measurement

Subjective Mapping of Dust-Emission Sources by Using MODIS Imagery

Dust storms (5 to 100 km across) often originate from multiple dust-emission sources (1 to 10 km across). Remote-sensing-based dust-source identification is a challenge. A previous study developed a subjective approach for mapping dust sources by using enhanced MODIS satellite imagery; therefore, this study conducted mapping exercises to assess the reproducibility of this technique amongst multiple analysts and in different regions.

Posted in: Briefs, Aerospace, Test & Measurement