Sensors

High-Performance Computing for the Next-Generation Combat Vehicle

The development of the Next-Generation Combat Vehicle (NGCV) will require technological advancements in many areas, including lethality, protection, autonomy, human–agent teaming, and electromagnetic capabilities. What ties all of these future capabilities together is the need for vast computational resources to support the artificial intelligence (AI) implicit in bringing these advancements to the battlefield. The operating environment of the NGCV will be such that communications will be severely limited, if available at all; systems will be under constant cyber-attack; and adversarial AI may be actively attempting to deceive all sensors — all occurring under severe size, weight, power, and time-available constraints. These factors, and more, are the motivation for developing a strategy of mobile High-Performance Computing (HPC) for the NGCV.

Posted in: Articles, Aerospace, Automotive, Communications, Computers, Video, RF & Microwave Electronics, Data Acquisition, Sensors
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The Bus Too Tough to Die

The venerable MIL-STD-1553B bus has survived remarkably well even as other more advanced solutions gained wide acceptance in the last few years. However, the fact remains that its maximum data rate of 1 Mb/s is orders of magnitude too slow for today’s data-intensive systems, so logic dictates that it will soon fade away. That may be a logical assumption, but it’s likely to prove wrong, for several reasons.

Posted in: Articles, Aeronautics, Aerospace, Aviation, Data Acquisition, Government, Data Acquisition
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Using Thermoplastics in Aerospace Applications

In August 2017, Qantas Airlines laid down the challenge to both Boeing and Airbus to offer an aircraft that can cross one of aviation's “last frontiers.” That “last frontier” was an aircraft capable of flying an economical passenger load non-stop for over 20 hours. This would allow Qantas to offer direct service from Sydney to London or New York. Weight reduction through the use of thermoplastics and other technologies would be the key to any chance of success in this endeavor.

Posted in: Articles, Aeronautics, Aerospace, Aviation, Thermal Management, Manufacturing & Prototyping, Composites, Materials, Metals, Plastics, Data Acquisition, Sensors
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Using Turbine Flow Meters for Aerospace Test and Measurement Applications

Turbine flow meters have long been a preferred technology for obtaining precise measurements of fluid flow in the aerospace industry. In addition to their high accuracy, they are recognized for exceptional turndown, repeatability and speed of response.

Posted in: Articles, Aerospace, Thermal Management, Fastening, Fluid Handling, Joining & Assembly, Machinery, Mechanical Components, Data Acquisition, Sensors, Instrumentation, Measuring Instruments, Test & Measurement
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In-Flight Real-Time Avionics Adaptation

Avionics is a very restricting domain for obvious safety reasons. Along with miniaturization comes the idea of integration. More functionality on one spot requires a good management of privacy and congestion on shared platforms. This is why determinism is one of the keywords of avionics works. This led to protocols like ARINC653[1] assuring that multitask embedded programs respect a predictable policy applied by the operating system (OS). Another key protocol is ARINC664, which guarantees that multiple communicating systems efficiently share the network. These two protocols are pillars of the Integrated Modular Architecture (IMA) concept[2].

Posted in: Articles, Aeronautics, Aerospace, Aviation, Data Acquisition, Data Acquisition, Simulation Software, Software, Measuring Instruments, Monitoring, Test & Measurement
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Laser-Based System Could Expand Space-to-Ground Communication

A new research project announced recently as a collaboration between the Georgia Institute of Technology and satellite communications provider Xenesis could help open the bottleneck that now limits the flow of data from Earth-orbiting satellites to ground stations.

Posted in: Articles, Aerospace, Communications, Data Acquisition, Fiber Optics, Lasers & Laser Systems, Optical Components, Optics, Data Acquisition
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Meeting Environmental Objectives and Regulations

Gone are the days when the impact of products on the environment or human health were optional business concerns. Regulatory constraints on materials and chemicals are increasing, and many companies struggle to respond – and to do so quickly and efficiently. Restrictions on hexavalent chrome are one well-known example. Another is REACH – the European Union regulation concerning the Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation & restriction of Chemicals – which applies to products that are either manufactured in, or imported into, the EU. Companies are under obligations to report the use of restricted substances, and to limit or avoid their use.

Posted in: Articles, Aerospace Manufacturing and Machining, Aerospace, Government, Environmental Monitoring, Manufacturing & Prototyping, Coatings & Adhesives, Materials, Data Acquisition, Computer-Aided Design (CAD)
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Validation of Ubiquitous 2D Radar

Seastema SpA, a company owned by Fincantieri (Genova, Italy), designs, develops, and supplies integrated automation systems for different areas of the marine industry. The company established an Innovation Division in Rome to verify the feasibility of an unconventional radar system by means of a demonstrator built as much as possible with commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) devices.

Posted in: Articles, Aerospace, Defense, Antennas, RF & Microwave Electronics, Automation, Data Acquisition, Detectors, Sensors
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New Technologies Tackle UAV Challenges

Unmanned vehicles for air, land, and water represent an increasingly-important capability for virtually all military services worldwide. Because each new generation of device technology promises capabilities and higher levels of overall performance for unmanned vehicles of all types, military customers expect these benefits in the latest UAV offerings. To meet these expectations, systems engineers must deal with increasingly difficult problems of thermal management, power budgeting, EMI emissions and susceptibility, weight, size, cabling, connectors, antenna management, and command/control functions. Several new technologies and innovative packaging concepts now provide better solutions to these issues.

Posted in: Articles, Aeronautics, Aerospace, Aviation, Communications, Wireless, Data Acquisition, Electronic Components, Electronics, Electronics & Computers, Thermal Management, RF & Microwave Electronics, Data Acquisition, Sensors, Software
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Robotic Applique Kits Leverage Existing Assets

When it comes to modern military operations, robotic technology provides a tremendous tactical advantage. Drones, ground robots and autonomous vehicles are routinely used for missions such as intelligence-gathering, surveillance and reconnaissance (ISR), allowing military personnel to conduct operations from a safe distance. And yet, despite these technological advances, the vast majority of vehicles in use by the military — whether in the air or on land — still require a human operator.

Posted in: Articles, Aeronautics, Aerospace, Aviation, Data Acquisition, Cameras, Imaging, Machinery, Robotics, Data Acquisition, Sensors
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