MEMs

Feasibility Study of Portable Water Desalination Systems for Water Contingencies at Remote Navy Installations

The Department of the Navy (DON) has major installations located around the world. Twenty-two main installations operate outside the continental United States (OCONUS) and rely on on-base water processing facilities. These facilities serve a total population of 71,000 military and civilian personnel, and the water plants have a total production capacity of 15.7 million gallons per day.

Posted in: Briefs, Aerospace, Defense
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Hands-on Cybersecurity Studies: Multi-Perspective Analysis of the WannaCry Ransomware

Ransomware is malware that obstructs a user from accessing digital assets through various mechanisms. These assets are held hostage and inaccessible until the user pays a ransom. In most cases, this is accomplished using encryption where, once the malicious program executes, it will target and encrypt certain files and will release the decryption key at the time of payment. Some ransomware instances target only certain common user-generated files such as media and documents. In this case, system files and others required for the operating system to function correctly (user authentication, process execution, etc.) are unaffected. Others encrypt much more and seek to lock out entire systems.

Posted in: Briefs, Aerospace, Defense, Software
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Thermal Conductivities of Some Polymers and Composites

Thermoset polymers are good electrical insulators that are used in applications ranging from electronics to composite armor. They are rather poor thermal conductors, however.

Posted in: Briefs, Aerospace, Defense, Electronic Components, Electronics, Electronics & Computers, Thermal Management, Composites, Materials, Instrumentation, Measuring Instruments, Test & Measurement
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Nominal High-Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse (HEMP) Waveforms

Even before the Trinity nuclear test in July of 1945, physicists predicted a transient electromagnetic signal would be caused by high-energy photons released from the detonation interacting with the air around the detonation. Predictions of these signals were difficult to make due to the complexity of the physics unleashed by the detonation.

Posted in: Briefs, Aerospace, Defense, Photonics, RF & Microwave Electronics, Instrumentation, Measuring Instruments, Test & Measurement
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Real-Time Heuristics and Metaheuristics for Static and Dynamic Weapon Target Assignments

Projectile weapons have been a consistent threat of hostilities throughout history. Military advantage has always been aided by the capacity to inflict damage from a distance. In the 20th century, missile technology advanced to the point that an adversary had the potential to attack a protected asset from great distances. To neutralize this stand-off threat, the concept of air defense evolved. However, as the ability to reduce a missile threat increased, so, too, did the quantity and quality of missiles available, and research into the effective allocation of air defense resources emerged.

Posted in: Briefs, Aerospace, Defense
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Hybrid Ultra-Low VOC and Non-HAP Rain Erosion Coatings

Numerous military aircraft and shipboard surfaces, such as radomes, antennas, gun shields, wing leading edges, and helicopter blade leading edges, are coated with a specialized erosion-resistant protective coating possessing strict performance requirements. These protective coatings must provide excellent rain erosion resistance, superior mechanical properties, good adhesion to the substrate and meet a host of other metrics outlined in MIL-PRF-32239 and SAE AMS-C- 83231A.

Posted in: Briefs, Aerospace, Defense, Coatings & Adhesives, Mechanical Components
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Electrical Characterization of Crystalline UO2, THO2 and U0.71TH0.29O2

Tracking and identifying radiation sources in the age of nuclear proliferation and well- resourced non-state actors is a national priority. Current neutron detection methods favor large detector volumes and long data collection times. Additionally, portable neutron detection methods have persistent problems with low signal-to-noise (small pulse height) and require large applied voltages.

Posted in: Briefs, Aerospace, Defense, Materials, Mechanical Components, MEMs, Semiconductors & ICs, Data Acquisition, Detectors, Sensors
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ONR Short Pulse Research, Evaluation and non-SWaP Demonstration for C-sUAV Study

The OSPRES (ONR Short Pulse Research, Evaluation and non-SWaP) program performed fundamental work in the areas of Silicon (Si) and Gallium Nitride (GaN) based photoconductive switch development, measurement of HPM waveform dependent effects on small unmanned aerial vehicle (sUAV), adaptive design of experiments, noise injection, RF coupling to sUAV's, minimally dispersive wave theory, and positive feedback non-linear transmission line (NLTL) development.

Posted in: Briefs, Aerospace, Defense, Electronic Components, Power Management, Power, Antennas, RF & Microwave Electronics
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Matrix-Free Assisted Laser Desorption Ionization Using Metal-Organic Frameworks

Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization (MALDI) is a soft ionization technique that is widely applied in the characterization of large biomolecules using various mass spectrometry (MS) analyzers, specifically, time-of-flight (TOF) analyzers. The MALDI process involves the deposition of an analyte solution onto a metal substrate before the addition of a matrix. The matrix/analyte dry spot is exposed to a UV laser, and the laser energy that is absorbed by the matrix/analyte is converted into heat energy that initiates charge transfer, which results in the desorption of the matrix and analyte molecules in ionized form. The positive ions are then accelerated through a vacuum into MS analyses.

Posted in: Briefs, Aerospace, Defense, Materials, Metals, Mechanical Components, MEMs, Data Acquisition, Sensors, Inspection Equipment, Instrumentation, Measuring Instruments, Monitoring, Test & Measurement
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Geospatial Accuracy of Small Unmanned Airborne System Data in the Coastal Environment

The purpose of this study was to assess the ability of commonly available COTS software to produce geometrically accurate orthometric mosaics and terrain models from low-altitude UAS imagery.

Posted in: Briefs, Aeronautics, Aerospace, Aviation, Data Acquisition, Design, Imaging, Automation, Data Acquisition, Sensors, Software
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