Materials

Toho Tenax Develops 'Super-Heat-Resistant' Prepreg for Engine Apps

Toho Tenax Co., Ltd. announced Nov. 6 that it has developed a new prepreg — a carbon-fiber sheet pre-impregnated with matrix resin — that offers super-high-heat and -oxidation resistance suited to aircraft and automotive engine compartments.

Posted in: Technology Update, Aerospace, Defense, Materials, Composite materials, Fibers, Resins, Engines
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Embedded Switch Fabrics

Mercury Systems, Inc. (Chelmsford, MA) has announced its Micro Via Radial Interconnect (MVRI) technology. MVRI improves OpenVPX™ switch fabric interconnect data rates by increasing the signal integrity margin approximately three-fold, enabling switch fabrics and point-to-point connections to run faster and more reliably. MVRI technology is scalable, enabling it to support signaling rates greater than 14 wGbaud per channel. Planned future fabric implementations, using InfiniBand enhanced data rate (EDR) or 100Gb Ethernet, especially benefit from the performance boost MVRI technology delivers. Intel® Xeon® server-class OpenVPX ecosystems in combination with the latest InfiniBand and Ethernet switch fabrics provide the embedded processing capability needed for challenging electronic warfare (EW) and C4ISR processing applications.

Posted in: Products, Aerospace, Defense, Electronics & Computers, Materials
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Infusing Lightweight Composite Structures

European researchers examine simulation-based solutions for the manufacture of large-scale, liquid-resin-infusion composite substructures.

Liquid resin infusion (LRI) is a proven manufacturing technology for both small- and large-scale structures for which, in most cases, experience and limited prototype experimentation is sufficient to get a satisfactory design. However, large-scale aerospace and other vehicle structures require reproducible, high-quality, defect-free parts with excellent mechanical performance. These requirements necessitate precise control and knowledge of the preforming (draping and manufacture of the composite fabric preforms), their assembly, and the resin infusion.

Posted in: Articles, Aerospace, Defense, Composites, Materials, Forming, Composite materials, Lightweight materials, Resins
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Continuous Sputter Deposition Coating of Long Monofilaments

A thin, uniform coating on long segments of monofilament could drastically improve the functionality of many complex fibers. A length of fishing line, microtubing, or polylactic acid (PLA) coated with copper could be left to cure within an epoxy, and upon removal of the monofilament, a narrow channel with a thin outer wall of copper would remain. That channel would be open for fluid flow, and also have a conductive shell. The “vascularized” material could be used for thermal management or self-healing composites.

Posted in: Briefs, Aerospace, Defense, Coatings & Adhesives, Materials, Thermal management, Adhesives and sealants, Coatings Colorants and Finishes, Copper, Fibers, Hoses
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Hydrolytic Stability of Polyurethane-Coated Fabrics Used for Collapsible Fuel Storage Containers

Collapsible fabric fuel tanks have provided critical tactical bulk petroleum storage for military operations for over 50 years. Beginning in the 1940s with the 900 to 3,000-gallon pillow tanks, collapsible fabric tanks have evolved into the primary tactical fuel storage vessels now used by all of the military services.

Posted in: Briefs, Aerospace, Defense, Coatings & Adhesives, Materials, Containers, Storage, Coatings Colorants and Finishes, Fabrics, Fuel tanks, Military vehicles and equipment
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Materials Design Principles for the Dynamic Fracture of Laminar Composite Structures

Crack bridging (e.g., from stitches or pins) and friction have profound and potentially very useful effects on delamination crack growth, controlling growth rates (damage levels) and the energy absorbed. However, the implications for structural design principles have remained quite obscure. The difficulty is that no simple analogue of crack toughness, which underpins static structural design, exists for dynamic cases with large-scale bridging effects. The external shape of the structure and the loading configuration dictate stress waves, frictional contact zones, and crack tip stress intensity factors in a way that is very difficult to approach, other than by brute case-specific numerical simulation. The problem is compounded by the common occurrence of multiple cracking, a complexity that is rarely entertained in laboratory fracture specimen design. Physically sound material models for the important structural problem of multiple, nonlinear cracking in laminated structures with large-scale bridging due to friction and reinforcement had previously remained undeveloped, in spite of the technological importance of these systems.

Posted in: Briefs, Aerospace, Defense, Electronics & Computers, Information Technology, Materials, Finite element analysis, Composite materials
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Development of Hydrophobic Coatings for Water-Repellent Surfaces Using Hybrid Methodology

Coatings that impart hydrophobic properties are of considerable interest. For applications such as aircraft windows, optical components, protective eyewear, and clothing, this type of surface is desired for the material to be soil-repellent and waterresistant. A prime model of a surface with these characteristics can be found in nature – the leaves of the lotus flower have super-hydrophobic properties as a means of self-cleaning.

Posted in: Briefs, Aerospace, Defense, Coatings & Adhesives, Materials, Windows and windshields, Optics, Coatings Colorants and Finishes, Protective equipment
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Carbon-Fiber Concept Trailer From Great Dane Cuts Weight by 4000 lb

The Walmart Advanced Vehicle Experience is a prototype tractor-trailer developed to demonstrate the possibilities of future transport, and the truck is not the only place where innovation reigns. The trailer body is built almost exclusively with carbon fiber, and it incorporates other technologies such as advanced adhesives and low-profile LED lighting. Read more at http://articles.sae.org/13507.

Posted in: Articles, Aerospace, Defense, Coatings & Adhesives, Materials, Transportation
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Fabricating Porous Systems for Super-Dense Memories and Sensors

This project was dedicated to solving basic scientific issues and developing the scientific basis that underlies the improvement of super-dense memories, towards the terabit-per-square-inch goal and the engineering of chemical and biological sensors. Both applications rely on porous materials. Among them, porous alumina has demonstrated to provide major improvements in these two diverse applications.

Posted in: Briefs, Materials, Computer software / hardware, Sensors and actuators, Fabrication, Aluminum alloys
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Toward Smarter Manufacturing and Materials

At the U.K.’s new Advanced Manufacturing Research Center, engineers and innovators have at their disposal some of the world’s most advanced design and manufacturing assets for precision engineering.

by Richard Gardner

For well over a century the word “Sheffield” has been synonymous with high-quality steel products, ranging from cutlery to heavy engineering products for bridges, railways, and aircraft. Following many years of industrial decline as much traditional large-scale manufacturing departed in the direction of low-wage Asian economies, the region suffered accordingly.

Posted in: Articles, Aerospace, Defense, Materials, Production engineering, Composite materials
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