Electronics & Computers

Thermal Conductivities of Some Polymers and Composites

Thermoset polymers are good electrical insulators that are used in applications ranging from electronics to composite armor. They are rather poor thermal conductors, however.

Posted in: Briefs, Aerospace, Defense, Electronic Components, Electronics, Electronics & Computers, Thermal Management, Composites, Materials, Instrumentation, Measuring Instruments, Test & Measurement
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ONR Short Pulse Research, Evaluation and non-SWaP Demonstration for C-sUAV Study

The OSPRES (ONR Short Pulse Research, Evaluation and non-SWaP) program performed fundamental work in the areas of Silicon (Si) and Gallium Nitride (GaN) based photoconductive switch development, measurement of HPM waveform dependent effects on small unmanned aerial vehicle (sUAV), adaptive design of experiments, noise injection, RF coupling to sUAV's, minimally dispersive wave theory, and positive feedback non-linear transmission line (NLTL) development.

Posted in: Briefs, Aerospace, Defense, Electronic Components, Power Management, Power, Antennas, RF & Microwave Electronics
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Localization and Mapping of Unknown Locations with Unmanned Ground Vehicles

The main goals of this research are to enhance a commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) software platform to support unmanned ground vehicles (UGVs) exploring the complex environment of tunnels, to test the platform within a simulation environment, and to validate the architecture through field- testing.

Posted in: Briefs, Aerospace, Defense, Batteries, Cameras, Lasers & Laser Systems, Photonics, Automation, Robotics, Data Acquisition, Sensors, Simulation Software, Software, Transportation
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Novel Characterization Methods for Anisotropic and Mixed-Conduction Materials

State-of-the-art electronic and optoelectronic devices require electronic materials with specialized properties that cannot be characterized with standard methods, or that must be characterized with extra precision. As a result of this research, the following new materials characterization methods have been developed:

Posted in: Briefs, Aerospace, Computers, Electronics, Electronics & Computers, Photonics
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Reusable Rapid Prototyped Blunt-Impact Simulator

Rapid prototyping (RP) is the term most commonly used to describe additive manufacturing technologies. An additive manufacturing technology is any manufacturing process that fabricates a part by adding one layer of material at a time, one on top of the other, to produce detailed 3-D geometries directly from 3-D computer-aided design (CAD) models.

Posted in: Briefs, Aerospace, Defense, Electronic Components, Electronics, Electronics & Computers, 3 D Printing & Additive Manufacturing, Manufacturing & Prototyping, Rapid Prototyping & Tooling, Simulation Software
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Maintaining Enterprise Resiliency Via Kaleidoscopic Adaption and Transformation of Software Services (MEERKATS)

This research investigates a new vision for increasing the resilience of computing clouds by elevating continuous change, evolution, and misinformation as first-rate design principles of the cloud's infrastructure. The work is motivated by the fact that today's clouds are very static, uniform, and predictable, allowing attackers who identify a vulnerability in one of the services or infrastructure components to spread their effect to other, mission-critical services. The goal is to integrate into clouds a new level of unpredictability for both their services and data so as to both impede an adversary's ability to achieve an initial system compromise and, if a compromise occurs, to detect, disrupt, and/or otherwise impede their ability to exploit this success.

Posted in: Briefs, Aerospace, Data Acquisition, Defense, Computers, Electronic Components, Electronics & Computers, Software
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Integrated Magneto-Optical Devices for On-Chip Photonic Systems

The magneto-optical (MO) oxide layer consists of (Bi,Y)3Fe5O12 or BiYIG, bismuth garnet. This material was selected because it has a better figure of merit than the CeYIG previously used, especially at lower wavelengths (1310 nm vs. 1550 nm). A top-down deposition process was developed in which BiYIG/YIG stacks are grown on the Si waveguide with YIG on top. The stack is annealed at 800°C/5 min to crystallize both layers, with the YIG templating the BiYIG leading to garnet phases rather than other oxides, and the BiYIG is directly on the Si waveguide. Initial attempts led to a film with Bi oxide phases, because the Bi was in excess and could not escape during the anneal as occurs in Si/YIG/BiYIG stacks. Hence the composition was adjusted to include slightly more Fe, which yielded films with only garnet peaks.

Posted in: Briefs, Aeronautics, Aerospace, Aviation, Electronic Components, Electronics, Electronics & Computers, Manufacturing & Prototyping, Materials, Optical Components, Optics, Photonics, Semiconductors & ICs
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Low Power Optical Phase Array Using Graphene on Silicon Photonics

Despite enormous advances in integrated photonics over the last decade, an efficient integrated phase delay remains to be demonstrated. This problem is fundamental – most monolithic thin film deposition relies on centro symmetric materials (such as silicon, silicon dioxide, silicon nitride), which by definition do not have an electro-optic effect. Such materials have been shown to be excellent transparent materials, however they are either optically passive, or rely on very small plasma dispersion effect or power-hungry thermo-optic effect for tunability. These phase change materials have losses associated due to heating or carrier injection in the waveguides. This research shows that graphene can be used to provide electro-optic properties to traditionally passive optical materials.

Posted in: Briefs, Aerospace, Electronic Components, Electronics, Electronics & Computers, Materials, Optical Components, Optics, Photonics
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Hydraulic Testing of Polymer Matrix Composite 102mm Tube Section

The objective of this research was to hydraulically pressurize the internal diameter of one 102mm Polymer Matrix Composite (PMC) over-wrapped cylinder up to 25,000 pounds per square inch (psi) and during pressurization, in real time, collect and store pressure and strain data simultaneously. Strain data must be captured from the inside diameter of the oil filled metallic cylinder and from the outside diameter of the composite over-wrap material.

Posted in: Briefs, Aerospace, Data Acquisition, Electronic Components, Electronics, Electronics & Computers, Manufacturing & Prototyping, Composites, Materials, Metals, Joining & Assembly, Mechanical Components, Inspection Equipment, Instrumentation, Measuring Instruments, Monitoring, Test & Measurement
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Low-Cost Ground Sensor Network for Intrusion Detection

Perimeter surveillance of forward operating locations, such as Forward Arming and Refueling Points (FARPs), is crucial to ensure the survivability of personnel and materiel. FARPs are frequently located well outside the protective cover of the main forward operating bases. Therefore, they must provide their own organic perimeter defenses. Such defenses are manpower intensive. Research shows how cheap, remote, unattended sensors using commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) components can help reduce the manpower requirement for this task and yet not compromise the security of the operating location.

Posted in: Briefs, Aerospace, Defense, Electronic Components, Electronics, Electronics & Computers, Power Management, Power Supplies, Cameras, Imaging, Manufacturing & Prototyping, Materials, Mechanical Components, MEMs, Optical Components, Optics, Power, Power Transmission, Propulsion, Data Acquisition, Detectors, Sensors
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