Tech Briefs

Integration of Adaptive Optics Into High-Energy Laser Modeling And Simulation

The U.S. Navy is constantly predicting future threats and contemplating new weapon technologies to counter them. One of those technologies is directed-energy (DE) weapons. Conventional weapons rely on the kinetic energy of projectiles. High-energy lasers (HELs), one type of directed-energy weapon, work in a fundamentally new way, using electromagnetic radiation to damage or destroy enemy assets.

Posted in: Briefs, Aerospace, Defense, Lasers & Laser Systems, Optics, Photonics, Simulation Software, Software

3D Meta-Optics for High-Energy Lasers

The scope of this research radically changed the way novel components are designed and fabricated for high-energy applications. This 3D Meta-Optics platform was, and is, essentially engineering the electromagnetic fields in 3D dielectric structures. The results have provided a class of transformational optical components that can be integrated at all levels throughout a high-energy laser system.

Posted in: Briefs, Aerospace, Defense, Manufacturing & Prototyping, Materials, Lasers & Laser Systems, Optical Components, Optics, Test & Measurement

Feasibility Study of Portable Water Desalination Systems for Water Contingencies at Remote Navy Installations

The Department of the Navy (DON) has major installations located around the world. Twenty-two main installations operate outside the continental United States (OCONUS) and rely on on-base water processing facilities. These facilities serve a total population of 71,000 military and civilian personnel, and the water plants have a total production capacity of 15.7 million gallons per day.

Posted in: Briefs, Aerospace, Defense

Hands-on Cybersecurity Studies: Multi-Perspective Analysis of the WannaCry Ransomware

Ransomware is malware that obstructs a user from accessing digital assets through various mechanisms. These assets are held hostage and inaccessible until the user pays a ransom. In most cases, this is accomplished using encryption where, once the malicious program executes, it will target and encrypt certain files and will release the decryption key at the time of payment. Some ransomware instances target only certain common user-generated files such as media and documents. In this case, system files and others required for the operating system to function correctly (user authentication, process execution, etc.) are unaffected. Others encrypt much more and seek to lock out entire systems.

Posted in: Briefs, Aerospace, Defense, Software

Thermal Conductivities of Some Polymers and Composites

Thermoset polymers are good electrical insulators that are used in applications ranging from electronics to composite armor. They are rather poor thermal conductors, however.

Posted in: Briefs, Aerospace, Defense, Electronic Components, Electronics, Electronics & Computers, Thermal Management, Composites, Materials, Instrumentation, Measuring Instruments, Test & Measurement

Nominal High-Altitude Electromagnetic Pulse (HEMP) Waveforms

Even before the Trinity nuclear test in July of 1945, physicists predicted a transient electromagnetic signal would be caused by high-energy photons released from the detonation interacting with the air around the detonation. Predictions of these signals were difficult to make due to the complexity of the physics unleashed by the detonation.

Posted in: Briefs, Aerospace, Defense, Photonics, RF & Microwave Electronics, Instrumentation, Measuring Instruments, Test & Measurement

Real-Time Heuristics and Metaheuristics for Static and Dynamic Weapon Target Assignments

Projectile weapons have been a consistent threat of hostilities throughout history. Military advantage has always been aided by the capacity to inflict damage from a distance. In the 20th century, missile technology advanced to the point that an adversary had the potential to attack a protected asset from great distances. To neutralize this stand-off threat, the concept of air defense evolved. However, as the ability to reduce a missile threat increased, so, too, did the quantity and quality of missiles available, and research into the effective allocation of air defense resources emerged.

Posted in: Briefs, Aerospace, Defense, Simulation Software, Automotive, Transportation