Tech Briefs

Chemiresistors represent a powerful class of chemical sensors that can be readily integrated into any electrical system, can be miniaturized, are readily multiplexed, and take nearly...

Electrospinning is a nanofiber fabrication technique that has grown in popularity due to its potential in numerous biomedical applications. The...

Currently small boat combatant design focuses primarily on speed and maneuverability. It would be advantageous to expand these capabilities to include reduced radar...

The main goal of this work is to obtain a scientific understanding of the possibilities provided by, and the behavioral features of, a novel type high...

The objective of Environmental Security Technology Certification Program (ESTCP) Project MR-201002, Autonomous Underwater Vehicle (AUV) Munitions and Explosives of...

Briefs: Robotics, Automation & Control
Power-Line UAV Modeling and Simulation

The Army Research Laboratory Power-Line Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) Modeling and Simulation (ARL-PLUMS) Software Tool allows a user to model, compute, and analyze the quasistatic electric and magnetic...

Hull, deck plate, and tank inspection for corrosion, deformation, and fractures is a necessary part of ship maintenance to ensure functional integrity and proper operation of the...

Currently fielded EOD (explosive ordnance disposal) robots are limited in terms of both mechanical ability and autonomous capabilities when compared to...

As the number of autonomous vehicles continues to increase for both commercial and military applications, collision avoidance algorithms are of the utmost importance to successfully...

Nuclear powered submarines can stay submerged for days at a time and only have to come to periscope depth (PD) for...

LIDAR is a partial 3D standoff sensing method that illuminates a target with rotatory or flash laser beams, analyzes the reflected lights, and provides both the distance...

Briefs: Sensors/Data Acquisition
Advanced Sensors for Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

The objective of this work was to use miniaturized, state-of-the-art pressure/temperature sensors engineered at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) to measure the immediate...

This work focused on developing novel nano-sized thermal sensors based on a multifunctional core/shell and nano-channel design that can be used to measure...

Monitoring trace gases is of great importance in a wide range of applications. Detecting a diverse range of chemical agents requires an adaptable sensor...

Low-frequency ultra-wideband (UWB) radar has garnered attention for the detection of landmines and improvised explosive devices (IEDs) in recent years. The low frequencies used by these...

Recently, modeling and simulation (M&S) engineers have made impressive strides in improving ground vehicle reliability and soldier safety. This work involved...

Blast energy-attenuation (EA) seats, although not new to the market, have not been fully tested with respect to energy attenuation capability and the resulting effects on occupant protection. The Ground Systems...

High-fidelity simulation of blast flow conditions can aid in developing strategies to mitigate blast-induced brain injury.

The prevalence of blast-induced traumatic brain injury (bTBI) has...

Several metamaterials show promise in providing advanced radio frequency control.

Work on structural composites with tunable chiral elements has produced electronically tunable overall chiral...

Briefs: Materials
Advanced, Single-Polymer, Nanofiber-Reinforced Composite
Continuous nanofibers provide unique advantages for future structural nanocomposites.

A strategic goal of the U.S. Air Force is to be able to deliver munitions to targets anywhere around the globe in less than an hour. This will require very high speeds and novel lightweight and...

Aging infrastructure has a major impact on safety, increasing the need to assess damage severity. Machinery, systems, and components such as...

Multifunctional composites have been investigated for destruction of bio-agents. These materials’ unique properties at the nano scale, including...

Briefs: Information Technology
Ontology for Insider Threat Indicators

The study of insider threat presents some of the most complex challenges in information security. Even defining the insider threat has proven difficult, with interpretations and scope varying depending...

Data mining models describe dynamic behavior of attacks and failures, enabling defenders to detect and differentiate simultaneous attacks on a target network.

Defending cyberspace is a complex and largely...

This method provides continuous monitoring across network-attached devices to identify and mitigate targeted cyber attacks.

System administrators and cyber defenders continue to face challenges in...

This program evaluates agility maneuvers that may be employed within networks to mitigate the effect of cyber attacks.

As the military adopts more networked...

The photovoltaic community is closer than ever to achieving ultra-high multijunction solar cell efficiencies (>50%). Subcells from III–V compound semiconductors are approaching ideal...

Testing was performed on Ultra-High Molecular Weight Polyethylene (UHMWPE) fabric and composite material in a flash flame environment when...

Operating lasers at cryogenic temperatures gained maturity only in the mid-90s due mostly to the progress in transparent, laser-grade ceramics and...

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