Tech Briefs

Natural DNA-Based Nonvolatile Resistive Switching Memory

Motivated by the demand for an even larger storage capacity in the information era, research efforts have been devoted to the development of more efficient and cost-effective memory elements.

Posted in: Briefs, Aerospace, Neural networks, Switches, Data management

Content Addressable Memory (CAM) Technologies for Big Data and Intelligent Electronics Enabled By Magneto-Electric Ternary CAM

Content addressable memory (CAM) is one of the most promising hardware solutions for high-speed data searching and has many practical applications such as anti-virus scanners, internet protocol (IP) filters, and network switches. Since CAM stores the data in its internal memory elements and compares them with the search data in parallel, it can achieve much faster speed compared to the software lookup.

Posted in: Briefs, Aerospace

pH-Dependent Spin State Population and 19F NMR Chemical Shift Via Remote Ligand Protonation in An Iron(II) Complex

The development of transition metal-based molecules and materials that can be switched between low-spin and high-spin electronic states has constituted a highly active area of research over the past several decades. Indeed, the magnetic bistability of such spin-crossover compounds make them potential candidates for molecular switches and chemical sensors, as the spin transition can be controlled by a number of external stimuli, such as temperature, pressure, and light.

Posted in: Briefs, Aerospace, Sensors and actuators, Switches, Research and development, Metallurgy, Chemicals, Iron

A Mechanistic Analysis of Oxygen Vacancy Driven Conductive Filament Formation in Resistive Random Access Memory Metal/NiO/Metal Structures

Resistive Random Access Memory (RRAM) devices have drawn much interest in the last decade, particularly the concept of a memristor. In this case, the so-called memristance, which provides the relationship between the change in charge (time integral of the current) and flux (time integral of the voltage), is not a constant as in linear elements, but a function of the charge, resulting in a nonlinear circuit element. Applications of such two-terminal electrical devices that provide high densities and low-power operation include, for instance, neuromorphic-type computing elements.

Posted in: Briefs, Aerospace, Architecture, Computer software / hardware, Electrical systems

High Temperature Graphene-Peek Adhesive

Joining of composites can be a challenging issue. If adhesives are used, the joints are permanent and cannot be undone. If they need to be undone, inserts are often used and these inserts increase cost and weight. Additionally, fibers can be cut in the process leading to a part with weakened mechanical properties.

Posted in: Briefs, Aerospace, Joining, Adhesives and sealants, Composite materials, Materials properties

Bioinspired Surface Treatments for Improved Decontamination: Commercial Products

In January 2015, the Center for Bio/Molecular Science and Engineering at the Naval Research Laboratory (NRL) began an effort to evaluate and develop top-coat type treatments suitable for application to painted surfaces that would reduce retention of chemical threat agents following standard decontamination approaches. Four commercially available surface treatments were evaluated: NANOskin Hydro Express, Rust-Oleum® NeverWet®, Eagle One Superior NanoWax™, and Rust-Oleum® Wipe New.

Posted in: Briefs, Aerospace, Coatings Colorants and Finishes, Hazardous materials, Protective equipment

Processing and Characterization of Lightweight Syntactic Materials

Conventional composite materials, in which a matrix material is reinforced by particulates, whiskers, and/or continuous fibers, have long been of interest as potential materials solutions to engineering needs. Typically, the benefits of these reinforcements are observed for cases of tensile loading, with only minimal improvement for cases of compressive loading. As a result, recent attention has grown in the use of hollow spheres as a potential reinforcement in metallic systems.

Posted in: Briefs, Aerospace, Metallurgy, Composite materials, Lightweight materials, Materials properties, Tensile Strength