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Performance and Operability of a Dual-Cavity Flame Holder in a Supersonic Combustor

Supersonic combustion has been of interest for many years in order to support future Air Force hypersonic missions. The current generation of hydrocarbon-fueled scramjet combustors typically requires a flame-holding device to facilitate flame ignition and stable combustion. The amount of time available for fuel injection, fuel-air mixing, and combustion is very short — on the order of 1 millisecond. This short dwell time, along with the relatively long ignition delay times of hydrocarbon fuels, makes the flow path and flame holder design extremely important. This study investigates the perormance and operability of using a symmetric dual-cavity flame holder flow path to stabilize and enhance supersonic combustion.

Posted in: Briefs, Physical Sciences, Hydrocarbons, Scramjet engines, Performance tests, Hypersonic and supersonic aircraft, Military aircraft
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Gesture-Directed Sensor-Information Fusion Gloves

Current chemical-protection gear for warfighters on the ground inhibits electronic communication via keyboards, cell phones, and remote-control devices. To improve communications capabilities for the warfighter wearing protective gear in hazardous environments, a series of eGloves has been developed with a view toward freeing the warfighter of the need to type on a keyboard while wearing a Mission-Oriented Protective Posture (MOPP) suit. The eGloves can help the warfighter transmit gestures with the hands and fingers from within the protective gear, or they can be used to transmit encoded ASCII characters.

Posted in: Briefs, Physical Sciences, Communication protocols, Human machine interface (HMI), Product development, Protective clothing, Military vehicles and equipment
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GigE Advanced Imaging Sensor

The Wide-Field Dynamic Range (WFDR) camera is a high-sensitivity, wide-field-of-regard sensor of importance to future military surveillance and survivability systems. It is intended to be used in harsh, noisy military platforms with multiple camera streams simultaneously gathered. By developing a Gigabit Ethernet (GigE) video transport solution for multiple cameras with low latency and high data reliability, a flexible processing architecture will be developed that allows optimization of processor throughput for real-time imaging in defense applications.

Posted in: Briefs, Physical Sciences, Architecture, Optics, Sensors and actuators, Surveillance, Military vehicles and equipment
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Liquid-Crystal-Based Optical Phased Array for Steering Lasers

A paper describes the basic design and concepts of tunable liquid-crystal polarization gratings with a nematic liquid crystal (LC) optical phase plate, with a large, continuous in- plane gradient that is variable, and its application to a beam steering device with high efficiency.

Posted in: Briefs, Physical Sciences, Calibration, Lasers, Waveguides
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Channel Modeling for a Wireless Transmission System

A wireless transmission system provides high-quality video transmission over severely impaired wireless links between nodes that are connected within airborne networks. The target bit rate for the proposed video communication can be in the range between 24 Kbps and 384 Kbps with relatively high visual quality. However, the system may operate at extreme low bit rates down to 10 Kbps and at high bit rates up to 1.5 Mbps. To accommodate the large range of the data rate for heterogeneous wireless links and devices, the H.264 SVC standard for video coding and decoding was adopted.

Posted in: Briefs, Information Technology, Mathematical models, Cryptography, Imaging, Wireless communication systems
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SUMIT™ Expansion Modules

VersaLogic Corp. (Eugene, OR) has developed two expansion modules that feature the Stackable Unified Module Interconnect Technology (SUMITTM) interface scheme. These PC/104-sized modules are suitable for systems that need a small (3.65" × 3.8") footprint. Expansion boards may be added, including PCI Express (PCIe) lanes, USB ports, LPC, SPI, and SMB. For legacy applications, the accessory cards are also equipped with a PC/104 ISA feed-through connector.

Posted in: Products, Products, Board-Level Electronics, Electronics & Computers
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EBX-Sized Single Board Computer

The EBC-Z8510-G single board computer (SBC) from WinSystems (Arlington, TX) is powered by an Intel 1.1GHz AtomTM processor. It measures 203mm × 147mm and supports the SUMIT-ISM I/O expansion standard plus COMIT (Computer On Module Interconnect TechnologyTM). The interface features two Gigabit Ethernet ports, CRT and LVDS flat panel video, a MiniPCIe card interface for a wireless networking module, four USB 2.0 ports, four serial COM ports, HD audio, PATA controller for both a CompactFlash and hard disk, 48 lines of digital I/O, LPT, and a PS/2 port for keyboard and mouse. Additional I/O module expansion is supported with two SUMIT and legacy PC/104 connectors. This RoHS-compliant board operates over a temperature range of -40 to +70°C.

Posted in: Products, Products, Electronics & Computers
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COM Express ModuleCOM Express Module

ADLINK Technology, Inc. (San Jose, CA) has introduced the Express-ATC, a “Compact” COM Express module that is compatible with the Type 2 pin-out of the PICMG® COM Express specification. The module is suitable for systems that require a full set of graphics features in a small package (95mm × 95mm), including medical diagnostics, medical imaging, gaming, industrial automation, test and measurement, and industrial control.

Posted in: Products, Products, Electronics & Computers
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48-Channel PCIe Digital I/O Card

ACCES I/O Products (San Diego, CA) now offers the PCIe-DIO-48S, a 48-channel PCI Express (PCIe) card designed for use in a variety of digital I/O applications. It is compatible with 8255 PPI (mode 0) and features a x1 lane PCIe connector that can be used in any x1 or higher PCI Express slot. It is suitable for use in applications sensing inputs such as switch closures, TTL, LVTTL, CMOS logic and controlling external relays.

Posted in: Products, Products, Electronics & Computers
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18-Pin Microcontrollers

Microchip Technology (Chandler, AZ) has introduced the PIC16(L)F1826 and PIC16(L)F1827 general-purpose 8-bit microcontrollers that feature the company’s enhanced mid-range core. The new MCUs provide an advanced peripheral set that includes an mTouchTM capacitive touch sensing and dual I2C/SPI interfaces, along with “LF” versions featuring low power consumption via Microchip’s nanoWatt XLP eXtreme Low-Power technology. Key features include a maximum frequency of 32 MHz, up to 7 KB Flash, up to 384 Bytes of SRAM, and an operating voltage of 1.8 to 5.5 V.

Posted in: Products, Products, Electronics & Computers
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