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Pulse Analysis Techniques for Radar and Electronic Warfare

Pulsed signals are widespread in radar and other electronic warfare (EW) applications, and they must be accurately measured for manufacturing, design of countermeasures, and threat assessment. Pulse measurements are an especially challenging area for signal analysis due to a combination of factors. Fortunately, many of the improving signal processing and analog-digital conversion technologies behind the generation of complex pulse environments also enable new techniques for effective pulse analysis.

Posted in: Articles, Aerospace, Mathematical analysis, Measurements, Radar, Military vehicles and equipment
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Flat Cable Technology for Aerospace Applications

There are those who think all cables are created equal. Well, they're not.

Posted in: Articles, Aerospace, Downsizing, Wiring, Product development
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Electric Rockets and the Future of Satellite Propulsion

Humans have been using rocket propulsion for almost a millennium, starting with Chinese rockets and “fire arrows” in the 13th century and continuing to the modern era's powerful Space Shuttle and Falcon rockets. For most of that history, rockets have been chemically fueled, but in the past century scientists and engineers have also experimented with electric rockets, also known as ion engines or ion propulsion systems.

Posted in: Articles, Aerospace, Electric power, Product development, Rocket engines, Satellites, Spacecraft
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Designing Electronic Warfare to Regain Airborne Military Dominance

For decades, military aircraft have relied on electronic warfare (EW) solutions to protect assets and dominate airspace. The ability of the United States to detect and track aircraft, or avoid detection has played a major role in its ability to project power globally and maintain freedom of operation in the air.

Posted in: Articles, Aerospace, Electronic equipment, Security systems, Defense industry, Military aircraft
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Certifying Composite Designs for Aerospace and Defense

Wherever you find newer and particularly larger aircraft these days, you're seeing the use of composite materials. The latest commercial planes, as well as innovative defense prototypes, demonstrate the awareness of aerospace OEMs regarding the value of composites for stiffness and structural strength exceeding metals, plus weight savings and decreased fuel consumption. The military may have taken an early lead in pushing the use of composites, but now both sectors are fully committed to advancing the technology.

Posted in: Articles, Aerospace, Fuel economy, Composite materials, Certification, Commercial aircraft, Lightweighting, Military aircraft
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AuVSI™ XPONENTIAL: ALL THINGS UNMANNED

After a very successful trade show and conference in New Orleans last year, the Association for Unmanned Vehicle Systems International (AUVSI) is bringing this year's event, AUVSI XPONENTIAL 2017 to the Kay Bailey Hutchinson Convention Center in Dallas, TX. The event, which runs from May 8 – May 11, will feature more than 200 presentations and panel discussions focused on all aspects of the unmanned vehicle and robotics market. Over 650 exhibitors representing more than 20 different industries will be showcasing their latest technology to an estimated 7,000 attendees from all over the world.

Posted in: Articles, Aerospace, Artificial intelligence, Career and professional development, Collaboration and partnering, Robotics, Autonomous vehicles, Unmanned aerial vehicles
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Reconfigurable Radio Tracks Flights Worldwide

When Malaysia Air Flight 370 disappeared somewhere over the Indian Ocean in 2014, it had flown far beyond radar range. Under a new space-based air tracking system — starting with a reconfigurable radio developed by NASA — no plane would ever be off the grid that way.

Posted in: Application Briefs, Aerospace, Defense
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Luminescence Materials as Nanoparticle Thermal Sensors

Particles could be used to record critical temperature history data during agent-defeat weapons testing.

The purpose of this research program was to create and study novel luminescence particles (phosphors} capable of sensing and retaining the time-temperature information to which they were exposed, therefore acting as nano- and microsized thermosensors. The thermometric property is the latent thermoluminescence (TL) signal associated with electron/hole pairs trapped at defect energy levels, which are differently affected by the environmental temperature.

Posted in: Briefs, TSP, Aerospace, Data Acquisition, Defense, Nanotechnology, Photonics, Sensors
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Using Dempster-Shafer Fusion for Personnel Intrusion Detection

New technique enables the use of ultrasonic micro-doppler and PIR sensors for improved security.

The Dempster-Shafer (D-S) mass function is used in effect as a common representation of heterogeneous sensor data. In order to cast each data source in this form, first the raw data is reduced to points in a multi-dimensional feature space specific to each sensor. From there, an approach is outlined that uses a distance metric in the feature space to assign mass to each state in the class hierarchy. This hierarchy begins with the full frame of discernment which represents complete uncertainty. From there it proceeds as an n-array tree broken down into further subclasses until the finest granularity of classification for the specific sensor is reached.

Posted in: Briefs, TSP, Aerospace, Defense, Detectors, Sensors, Mathematical models, Sensors and actuators, Data management, Reliability
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Using Fisher Information Criteria for Chemical Sensor Selection via Convex Optimization Methods

Technique developed for simple linear sensor systems can be applied to broader array scenarios.

The design of chemical sensor arrays from the standpoint of chemical sensor selection and error quantification has historically proceeded as an ad hoc process. Frequently, chemical sensors are developed not as general purpose sensing devices, but as analyte or chemical class specific detectors. When such single purpose devices are integrated together as a chemical sensor array, it is unclear a priori how well they will function in concert with each other to provide expanded capabilities, an observation that is true of the integration of analytical instruments as well.

Posted in: Briefs, TSP, Aerospace, Sensors
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